68 SIMILABHY OP NAMES. was that of S. Matthew, and that when his relics were discovered, a copy of it was found to have been buried with him. It is further to be noted that the special Vaishnava tenets of the unity of the Godhead and of salvation by faith are said to have been introduced by ^arada from the Sweta-dwipa, an unknown region, which if the word be interpreted to mean £ White-man's land/ might well be identified with Christian Europe. It is, on the other hacd, absolutely certain that the name of Krishna, however late the full development of the legendary cycle, was celebrated throughout India long before the Chris- tian era ; thus the only possible hypothesis is that some pandit, struck by the marvellous circumstances of our Lord's infancy as related in the Gospel, trans- ferred them to his own indigenous mythology, and on account of the similarity of name selected Krishna as their hero. It is quite possible that a new life of Krishna may in this way have been constructed out of incidents borrowed from Christian records, since we know as a fact of literary history that the converse process has been actually performed. Thus Fr. Beschi, who was in India from 1700 to 1742, in the hope of supplanting the R&mayana, composed, on the model of that famous Hindu epic, a poem of 3,615 stanzas divided into 30 cantos, called the Tembavani, or Unfading Garland, in which every adven- ture, miracle and achievement recorded of the national hero, Eama, was elabo- rately paralleled by events in the life of Christ, It may be added that the Harivansa, which possibly is as old* as any of the Vaishnava Puranas, was certainly written by a stranger to the country of Braj ;t and not only so, but it further shows distinct traces of a southern origin, as in its description of the exclusively Dakhini festival, the Punjal: and it is only in the south of India that * It is quoted by Blroni (bozo. 970, died 1038 A. D.) as a standard authority in, his time, t The proof oi this statement Is that all Ms topographical descriptions are utterly irrecon- cilable with facts, Thus he mentions that Krishna and Balarama were brought up at & spot selected by Naada on the bank of the Janrani near the hill of Gobardhan (Canto 61). Now, Oobardfaan is some fifteen miles from the rirer ; and the neighbourhood of Goknla and Mahaban, which all other written authorities and also ancient tradition agree in declaring to hare been the scene of Krishna's infancy* is several miles farther distant from the ridge and on the other side of the Jamixna. Again, lal-bam is described (Canto 79) as lying north of Gobardhaa— ' It Is Booth-cut of Odwdhiii and with the city of Mathnri between it and Brinda-ban, thongh In the HhlgftTtt it is said to be dose to the latter town. So also Bh&ndir-ban is represented In foe Haririum, m Mug on Hie same fid® of the rarer as the Kili-Mardan Ghat, being in reality wtrty opposite to it.